Sunday, May 8, 2011

Great conductors of the 20TH century EMI VOL.37 - Reiner

CD1 [79:53]

Beethoven: 'Coriolan' Overture May 1959
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 (with Emil Gilels) February 1958
Mozart: Symphony No.36 'Linz' April 1954
Orchestra Hall, Chicago
Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Mendelssohn: Scherzo ('A Midsummer Night's Dream')
Academy of Music, Philadelphia, June 1951
The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra (Philadelphia Orchestra)

CD2 [78:39]

Brahms: Tragic Overture December 1957
Wagner: Siegfried's Rhine Journey ('Götterdämmerung') April 1959
Bartók: Swineherd's Dance (from Hungarian Sketches) December 1958
Orchestra Hall, Chicago
Chicago Symphony Orchestra

Richard Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel
Carnegie Hall, New York, September 1950
RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra

Ravel: Le Tombeau de Couperin
Carnegie Hall, January 1952
NBC Symphony Orchestra

Falla: El amor brujo (with Carol Brice)
Syria Mosque, Pittsburgh, February 1946
Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra


One of the legendary podium giants of the 20th century, the Hungarian-American conductor Fritz Reiner was born in Budapest in 1888 and studied at the Franz Liszt Academy, where Bartók was one of his teachers. In 1914 he was appointed principal conductor of the Dresden Opera, where he worked with Richard Strauss, of whose music he would become a supreme interpreter. In 1922 he succeeded Eugène Ysaÿe as conductor of the Symphony Orchestra in Cincinnati, from where, in 1931, he went to the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia (where one of his conducting students was the young Leonard Bernstein). From 1938 to 1948, Reiner was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and in 1953 he succeeded Rafael Kubelik in Chicago, where, over the next ten years, he made a series of recordings with the orchestra that have remained benchmarks to this day. He died in New York in 1963, aged 74.
Reiner became an American citizen in 1928, during his period as conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony. After his period on the faculty of the Curtis Institute, he moved in 1938 to Pittsburgh, rebuilding the orchestra into a first-rate ensemble, as can be heard here in a new transfer from the original metal parts of the 1946 recording of Falla's El amor brujo. After Pittsburgh, Reiner was active particularly as a guest conductor with orchestras in Philadelphia and New York and at the Metropolitan Opera. These years are represented in this compilation by recordings, new to CD, of Mendelssohn, Richard Strauss and Ravel. But the period for which Reiner will be particularly remembered is the ten years he spent as music director of the Chicago Symphony, heard here in rare recordings of the core repertoire (Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart and Wagner) in which Reiner excelled, and of Béla Bartók, the conductor's former teacher and a composer whose work he championed (not least by making the first commercial recording of Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra). Conductors of the 20th Century Vol 37- Fritz Reiner_.part1.rar Conductors of the 20th Century Vol 37- Fritz Reiner_.part2.rar Conductors of the 20th Century Vol 37- Fritz Reiner_.part3.rar Conductors of the 20th Century Vol 37- Fritz Reiner_.part4.rar

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